An appeal is a written petition to a higher court to modify or reverse a decision of a lower court. There are four sides: the defendant’s, the plaintiff… The Defendant typically responds to a complaint filed by the Plaintiff by way of an answer either accepting or denying the charges in the complaint or bringing a counter-charge against the Plaintiff. The Defendant has the ability to file a counter-complaint against the Plaintiff. There is one side: the defendant’s. In a civil case, who is the plaintiff and who is the defendant? Both the plaintiff and the defendant are also referred to as "parties" or "litigants." . In an embezzlement case, the defendant is the employee of the complainant. The Plaintiff and the Defendant are the parties involved in a lawsuit. For example, if a plaintiff who resides or is based in State A sues a defendant who is a resident of State B for $100,000, a federal court can hear the case. Criminal cases have a higher standard: The case against the defendant—made by a prosecutor—must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt. etc. Thus we can see that the term ‘defendant’ is used in both civil as well as criminal cases. As mentioned above, in a criminal case, the Defendant How many sides are there in a criminal court case? Tax Cases Most federal income tax disputes are between the IRS and the individual (or business) taxpayer. In domestic violence cases, the defendant is frequently related to the complainant or in a dating relationship. The plaintiff is the party who must prove that they have been injured by the actions of another. In criminal cases, alleged victims are often known to the defendant. The Plaintiff is the one bringing the lawsuit and the Defendant is the one being sued and is defending the lawsuit. Plaintiff describes the person who brings a civil suit in a court of law. Witnesses and defendants will be provided equipment by the Court. Give 2 examples that would involve international, administrative, statutory, constitutional, and civil law. 14. But in the case of criminal lawsuits, the other party is generally the state, federal or any other similar authority. When a case is appealed, the terms “plaintiff” and “defendant” are seldom used. In a civil suit, the plaintiff must prove that it is probable that the defendant is legally responsible, or liable, because a civil case is decided on a balance of probabilities. Criminal Case Programs. A civil case begins when a person or entity (such as a corporation or the government), called the plaintiff, claims that another person or entity (the defendant) has failed to carry out a legal duty owed to the plaintiff. The word plaintiff is only used in civil court cases, not criminal court cases. a. There are three sides: the defendant’s, the plaintiff’s, and the judge’s. Civil Cases. . 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